1. Individual ESRs research-driven training
Each ESR joining the participants’ laboratory will be assigned a specific research project under his/her Principal Investigator’s supervision. Through the execution of the project, the ESRs will learn new techniques, will become familiar with the scientific field and will gradually gain experience to become increasingly independent.
1.1 Taught programmes providing general and more specialized lectures and training courses are in place at all participating academic institutions. These are generally open to ESRs and ERs, providing ample possibilities for career development as laid down in the training and guidance plans and beyond. All academic partners are internationally oriented and have extensive experience with training of ESRs and ERs from abroad and consequently can support ITNresearchers in the development of their basic and general scientific skills and attitudes during lab meetings, journal clubs, and lectures. To empower communication skills of their national and international trainees the Institutions additionally organize courses on language, scientific writing and presentation. Statistical and IT support is available at all institutionsvia courses and personalized help-desks. The requirements for training of doctoral students and the programme at the individual partner Universities are briefly summarized here under:
Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL, (http://www.idibell.cat/en). PhD students incorporated to our institute are associated to the PhD programme included in the Master of Biomedicine, University of Barcelona (http://www.ub.edu/biomed/eng/index.htm), awarded with the Quality Mention by the education Ministry, Spain. PhD students participate in the IDIBELL Internal Seminars, whose main interest is the interaction between the different groups and further discussion ofthe advances and progress of the different laboratories. In these seminars, the PhD students present their results. All seminars are in English. Furthermore, we have IDIBELL External Seminars (http://www.idibell.cat/imatgesContinguts/seminars_first_term.pdf), where investigators of recognized prestige, from Spain and abroad, come to show their research lines (at least one, some times two seminars/week). Dr. Fabregat’s group forms part of the ISCIII RTICC (Cancer Network: http://www.rticc.org), Ministry of Science and Innovation, which opens up collaborations with the best researchers in the field of cancer in the country.
University of Bari (UB) (http://www.uniba.it/): PhD students enrolled in University of Bari have to follow one of the structured educational PhD programmes, consisting of mandatory and elective courses organized by UB. Through its websites, UB provides the details on PhD student programmes Students at Dr. Giannelli’s laboratory follow the Clinical Immunology and Infectious Disease training programme. This includes research plans, courses, lectures, seminars and workshops.
Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) (http://www.lumc.nl/home/): PhD students enrolled in LUMC’s Graduate school are obliged to follow an educational programme (as defined in the Training and Guidance Plan) consisting of mandatory and elective courses organized by LUMC through its Boerhaave Bureau (http://www.boerhaavenet.nl/, see PhD Courses), Leiden University (http://www.onderzoek.leidenuniv.nl/phd/phdprogrammema/), affiliated Institutions and several Multi-universityResearch Schools of high international standing and certified by the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences (http://www.medgencentre.nl/; http://lacdr.nl/; http://www.molmed.nl/). Through its websites, LUMC provides the details on PhD student programmes, scientific training, courses, seminars, lectures and transferable skill workshops.
Medical University of Vienna (MUW) (http://www.meduniwien.ac.at/homepage): PhD students enrolled in the curriculum of the Medical University of Vienna (MUW) must enter one of the two offered PhD programmes that focus either on basic and applied biomedical research. Both, the basic PhD programme, termed “Malignant Diseases” / N094 (http://www.meduniwien.ac.at/studienabteilung/content/studium-lehre/studienangebot/n094/), and the applied one, designated “Clinical Oncology” / N790 (http://www.meduniwien.ac.at/studienabteilung/content/studium-lehre/studienangebot/n790/), provide excellent courses and training activities in cutting edge technologies for resolving complex questions. The course requirements of the MUW basically ask for 4 units (semester hours) of propedeutics including compulsory courses on “Project management” and “Ethics and Good Scientific Practice”. In addition, 4 units of a basic seminar covering all aspects of cancer research / oncology, 12 unitsof Journal Clubs and 8 units of PhD thesis seminars have to be attended.
Uppsala University (UU) (http://www.uu.se/): The Uppsala University PhD programme offers postgraduate training (http://www.uu.se/doktorand/) under the auspices of the Medical Faculty and Pharmaceutical Faculty graduate programme (http://www.medfarm.uu.se/forskarutbildning.shtml). Both mandatory and elective courses in the area of biomedicine and complementary courses on ethics,management, teaching skills, etc. are offered by this University programme. At UU, ESRs and ERs are highly encouraged and follow weekly journal clubs, Institutewide scientific seminars, Biomedical Center-wide scientific seminars, oral presentations and round-table research group presentations-discussions. All courses and organized seminar series are presented to the students and the public via their corresponding websites.
University of Heidelberg (UHEI) (http://www.uni-heidelberg.de/index_e.html). PhD students of natural sciences enrolled at Heidelberg University are obliged to follow a structured PhD programme. The respective programme is different for every participating institution, allowing for the different demands of each scientific field. Students have the possibility to apply to aninternational Research Training Group (Graduiertenkolleg). The research training group affiliations are usuallylimited to outstanding PhD candidates and selection procedures are highly competitive. Students at Dr Dooley’s laboratory currently attend in the SFB Transregio 77 – Hepatocellular Carcinoma programme (http://livercancer.de/index.php/), lecture series Molecular Hepatology, all year, every other week, 1h; lecture series Liver Physiology, progress report on scientific projects in Molecular Hepatology, all year, every other week, 1h; and Colloquium Gastroenterology.
Complutense University (UCM), School of Pharmacy (http://www.ucm.es/info/farmacia/) PhD students enrolled in UCM follow an educational programme (as defined in the Training and Guidance Plan) consisting of mandatory and elective subjects included in specific Masters such as http://www.bbm1.ucm.es/masterbiomed/, as well as other courses and information about international programmes organized by UCM. Through its website, http://www.ucm.es, UCM provides the details on PhD students, courses, seminars, lectures and workshops.
CNR Istituto Nanoscienze (CNR-Nano) (http://www.nano.cnr.it/) - NNL of Lecce (www.nnl.it)are located the training laboratories for the Dept. of Nanoscience of ISUFI. ISUFI/University of Salento (Istituto Superiore Universitario di Formazione Interdisciplinare, i.e. Institute for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies) is a MIUR (Ministry for Education, University and Research) programme aimed at extending the network of Advanced Schools in Italy (for details see http://www.unisalento.it/web/guest/isufi). ISUFI's objective is to develop the intellectual capital of excellence in the fields of technological and social sciences. The Nanoscience Department is an interdisciplinary department spanningphysics, chemistry, engineering and biology. Training is offered both at undergraduate and postgraduate level with researchers coming from different countries. This PhD course is based on specific interdisciplinary profiles. During the training, junior researchers will be actively involved in all stages of research planning and execution. This will establish a solid ground for future careers in Academia or Industry, which will lead to a virtuous circle of new high-quality projects of research and development.